On January 2019 the European Commission published the Study on EU VET instruments (EQAVET and ECVET). Since PEOPLE IN WBL lies on ECVET framework, we believe it is very important to have a look on it, also to understand whether or not our project is aligned to future EU indications. It is a quite interesting document in order to understand:
- how these two instruments have influenced national developments in quality assurance and qualification design building on previous evaluations,
- potential options for the future direction.
Focusing on ECVET, it comes to the light that:
- ECVET has widely contributed to the development of a better-quality mobility experience, through more effective agreement on, and documentation, of learning outcomes and their recognition being adopted within all Member States.
- On a practical level, ECVET has supported the use of learning outcomes among Member States, which is an important requirement for referencing to the EQF.
- Activities have not been so effective in engaging VET policy makers in national authorities.
- ECVET is not always being considered holistically with the other EU instruments.
The challenge for ECVET
The perception is that it is a ‘credit system’ with stringent requirements on credit points that may not be compatible with some countries’ national credit system.
Future ECVET options:
- Option 1 – Enhanced status quo
- Option 2 – Embedding the functions of ECVET into other existing EU instrument and programmes.
- Option 3 – VET instruments become part of a broader European policy framework for VET.
- Option 4 – VET and HE instruments are more aligned to each other, with an ambition of more convergence between HE and VET.
- Option 5 – European framework for transfer of learning achievements and flexible progression pathways.
Option 3 is the most positively assessed option based on the stakeholder consultation.
It is suggested to integrate ECVET in a wider policy strategy framework for VET (Option 3) to reinvigorate the use of ECVET principles to support flexible learning pathways that enhance lifelong learning. This would include having an overarching governance group setting out an annual work programme alongside and complementary to other instruments. Alongside this, there are additional elements which could also be applied to support the implementation of this option. These include:
- Remove or revise the concept and definition of ECVET points and
reference to credit systems as part of the on-going promotion of ECVET.
- Strengthening the use of ECVET in transnational mobility by making then use of MoU and LA a requirement for VET Mobility Charter holders and integrating them in Europass.
- Supporting a new generation of pilot projects to promote and demonstrate how ECVET principles can be used to address current issues related to flexible and individualised learning pathways.
- Take further the developments on credits as per the provisions in annex
V of the EQF Recommendation.